What Is an OLED TV? | Full Guide With Pros and Cons to Consider Before Purchase

OLED refers to Organic Light-Emitting Diode. The organic refers to the carbon film that exists between the panel and the glass screen.

If you find yourself wondering why there is a significant difference between two TVs of the same size from the same brand, both 4K, it could be due to the OLED technology. OLED TVs are among the most expensive and high-quality televisions on the market today. The OLED display technology offers more flexible displays, a fast refresh rate, highest contrast, efficiency, and thinner than LCD.

Simply put, you can expect the best quality pictures from OLED TVs.

What Is an OLED Technology TV? Do You Need an OLED TV or Not?

As you search the internet for a television, you must have come across various TV lighting technologies, including LED TVs. LED refers to a backlight installed on the LCD layer (liquid crystal display) of the television and offers the necessary illumination for the pictures.

On the other hand, you find OLED TVs that don't require a backlight to illuminate the picture. Each pixel in the OLED panel emits light on its own when you pass an electric current through them. Each pixel consists of three different OLEDs, including red, blue, and green.

an OLED TV by Samsung

OLED panels are incredible devices with a simple design, are used in computer monitors, and  come with tons of other benefits discussed below.

  • Reduced power consumption. As mentioned earlier, LCDs need to use the backlight at all times. On the other hand, OLED displays only consume power on lit pixels. OLEDs power consumption is dependent on the image, but generally, they have a lower power consumption than LCDs
  • Flexibility. OLED screens come with a simple design that encourages flexibility in the production of OLED televisions and OLED monitors, including foldable, bendable, and rollable displays.
  • Higher contrast. OLEDs offer true blacks because when a pixel is off, it doesn't emit any light. On the other hand, the backlighting is on at all times, meaning it's impossible to achieve true blacks. OLEDs contrast is superior even when you compare it with the latest high-end LCDs
  • Higher refresh rates. OLEDs will switch on and off faster than most LCD panels.

How Do OLED Panels Work?

All OLED TVs come with 4K resolution, and some can offer 8K picture quality. However, OLED technology has nothing to do with the resolution or picture quality that a TV offers.

Like all televisions with a 4K resolution, an OLED TV will offer you 8,294,400 pixels of detail. The technology helps to make each pixel have a better display. This results from the fact that the pixels don't rely on the backlight, but instead, each pixel will light itself.

This results in blacker blacks, vibrant colors, and enhanced levels of contrast. Thus you can enjoy more lifelike images as you watch your favorite movie. Imagine what will happen if you want to watch a film in your room and you switch off the lights. If you are using an LED display, you'll experience a glow in the scenes with shadows and darkness that'll spoil the picture. This is a result of the LED backlight that bleeds in the dark scenes. This is not the case with OLED displays.

The OLED technology also enables you to enjoy a wide range of viewing angles. That means you can watch your football game or movie from any angle without compromising image quality.

What Is the Difference Between QLED, OLED, and LED TVs?

The difference between QLED and OLED TVs is in the technology.

The QLED TV technology stands for quantum dots LED. QLED TVs allow the backlight to send light through the quantum dots, resulting in the color that you see on your TV's screen. It offers darker darks, a wider color range, and more impressive visuals.

So, which is the better option between QLED and OLED TVs?

The choice between the two depends on your priorities and the same goes for when it comes to different monitor types. One shortcoming about the OLED TVs is that their brightness may not match that of the LCD displays. This can be an issue, especially if you are watching the TV in a bright room. Additionally, QLED TVs are cheaper than LG OLED TVs, but that is not to say they are cheap.

If you want to enjoy the best possible entertainment and have a budget for it, go for the LG display (see LG's Nanocell vs OLED). On the other hand, if you want a new TV with a high-quality display and incredible picture quality but are working on a budget, the QLED TV is an excellent pick.

Although the LED TV boasts of several improvements of late, the OLED TV still comes out on top (see OLED and LED compared). OLED uses less energy, and it is lighter and thinner. It also offers the best viewing angles.

OLED TV in the room

Which Is Better Between OLED and 4K?

OLED TVs offer more accurate colors since the pixels come with elements useful for every color. As such, OLED TVs offer deeper, richer, and more accurate colors than 4K TVs. When it comes to brightness, LED backlighting offers more brightness and outstanding whites. OLED TVs cannot achieve such high levels of brightness.

Additionally, LED 4K TVs feature outstanding sharpness and clarity due to the immense number of screen pixels. This ensures you enjoy the most lifelike images. OLED TVs can have notion artifacts that can cause blurriness.

OLED Colors 

OLED TVs are products of the LG brand. The company uses green, red, and blue to produce the images you see on your TV screen. LCDs create colored light using the RGB color filters. On the other hand, plasmas use RGB phosphors while Samsung panel technologies, including their mobile devices, use the green, red, and blue OLED elements.

LG's OLED uses two colors, including a sandwich of yellow and a sandwich of blue OLED materials. It then uses color filters to filter the yellow and blue light to make blue, red, and green. There is also a white element that adds a bit of brightness to the image.


Burnin is one of the downsides that you can experience with an OLED technologies screen. Burnin happens when an area of the TV's screen can have the same amount of light output as the rest of the screen. The section of the screen experiencing burning is the most worn-out section. This results in some sections having a bit of a shadow, or in some cases, you can see the shape that is burned in.

What you see in extreme cases of burn-in is known as image retention. Image retention will go away after you watch for some minutes. Burn-in is a permanent thing, and it happens if you watch one channel for more than eight hours. However, if you watch a variety of channels, you won't experience burn-in.

The Lifespan of OLED TVs

One of the concerns that many users have with OLED TVs is how long they'll last. The blue OLED material is a little short-lived as compared to other flavors of the tv screen.

Does that mean your OLED TV will not last beyond the fast blue rate? Not really. LG pairing the blue rate pixel with the yellow one helps to enhance its durability.

For most modern TVs, it is the power supply that dies before the panel.

Presentation of Samsung OLED TVs

Should You Buy an OLED TV and What Should You Consider?

Besides budget, there are several other factors to consider when you want to purchase a new TV. Such factors include the screen size of your TV. Ensure the size TV is fit for your viewing space.

Other factors to consider include:

Refresh Rate

A fast refresh rate ensures you enjoy a smooth watching or gaming experience. A 60 Hz refresh rate is enough for watching movies and TV shows. However, it may not be enough to offer the best gaming experience. To enjoy the best gaming, you require a screen with a high refresh rate.

Most OLED TVs come with an HDMI 2.1 standard port that makes them capable of a 120 Hz refresh rate. Some OLED models support the variable refresh rate that enables the TV to change the refresh rate depending on the frame rate. Therefore, you enjoy minimal stuttering, and you also prevent screen tearing.

4K Resolution and Sound Quality 

When you want to purchase an OLED TV, picture quality is a vital factor to consider. A 4K resolution ensures you enjoy the most lifelike experiences. Additionally, sound quality is equally an essential factor to consider. If you don't want to invest extra cash to purchase external speakers, you should ensure the TV's built-in speakers are quality and reliable.

Promotion of OLED TVs

Some OLED TVs can come with the best quality visuals but have mediocre in-built speakers. It is essential that you ensure a balance between the two. Alternatively, you can go for the best quality images, compromise on sound, and purchase quality external speakers instead.

The best way to find out if the TV has quality sound is to hear it yourself. Alternatively, you can check out customer reviews to see the experience of other users.

Input Lag 

The input lag should be a top priority when purchasing an OLED screen if you are a gaming enthusiast. Most OLED screens come with a fast response time which is commendable. However, the input lag is a different matter to consider.

Input lag refers to the delay between when you press the button and when you see the action on your screen. If the screen comes with a high input lag, you'll see the effects when playing fast-paced games. OLED TVs come with a gaming mode that helps reduce the input lag. An input lag of about 20 seconds is ideal, especially for gamers, but you can still find some with 10 seconds input lag.

Final Thoughts 

OLED TVs are reputable for offering high-quality images and other incredible features such as a fast refresh rate. When you want to buy an OLED TV, ensure you get the perfect one that fits your needs and your budget

About Dusan Stanar

I'm the founder of VSS Monitoring. I have been both writing and working in technology in a number of roles for dozens of years and wanted to bring my experience online to make it publicly available. Visit https://www.vssmonitoring.com/about-us/ to read more about myself and the rest of the team.

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